Protesters Issue Letter to Alpha’s Crutchfield

Protesters sitting in a tree at Alpha Natural Resources issued an “open letter” to Alpha-head Kevin Crutchfield this week. Two protesters offering “on ground” support were arrested, but two remain in trees. The text of their letter is below.

Dear Mr Crutchfield,

We are currently halting blasting on a portion of your Bee Tree Surface mine on Coal River Mountain. Starting last Wednesday, two of us have been sitting on platforms approximately 80 feet off the ground in trees within 300 feet of active blasting on the mine. We are doing this to demand that Alpha Natural Resources stop strip mining on Coal River Mountain, and only after presenting our concerns through face-to-face meetings.

In late May, eight residents from coal mining areas of southern West Virginia and southwestern Virginia, including one of us, met with you about Alpha Natural Resources’ takeover of Massey Energy. Residents discussed the devastating impacts of mountaintop removal mining, including the documented connections between mountaintop removal mining and degraded water quality, flooding, and serious public health impacts, including elevated cancer rates. In the 570,000-acre Coal River watershed, nearly a quarter of the land area is being mined or permitted to be mined in the future, including over 5,000 acres of Coal River Mountain. At the meeting, residents requested that Alpha make specific changes to reduce the impacts of the Massey operations that it has inherited.

Alpha was specifically asked to halt blasting near the Brushy Fork coal slurry impoundment which is located near the Bee Tree permit where we are sitting in trees. This is the only active mountaintop removal permit on Coal River Mountain, and we share residents’ concerns that the blasting on this permit is weakening the structural integrity of the impoundment. Failure of the impoundment could kill a thousand people living downstream according to Massey Energy’s figures. Within the past month, the Brushy Fork impoundment has come under increasing scrutiny, with the federal Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement issuing a 10-day notice for failure to prove that the dam was sufficiently safe from liquefaction.

Given the lack of public response and decisive action from you in regard to our request to end strip mining on Coal River Mountain, and the continued safety concerns surrounding the Brushy Fork impoundment, we see no other alternative then to take direct action. We look forward to your response.

Sincerely,
Catherine-Ann MacDougal
Becks Kolins
Elias Schewel
Junior Walk

Vol. 18, No. 14

  • Accidents:
    • MSHA, blasting company warn of premature detonation (399)
    • Grinding off bolt causes explosion (400)
    • Three hurt in prep plant fire (400)
    • Underground rib fall at industrial sand operation injures worker (401)
    • Trainee sustains head injury (401)
    • Ground fall closes Bull Mountain Mine (402)
    • Alert issued on summer heat (403)
    • Advice on preventing injuries in aggregate operations issued by MSHA (403)
  • Black Lung:
    • Miner wins benefits in case against Massey Coal (404)
    • After nine year fight with PBS Coal, miner awarded benefits (404)
  • Civil Penalties: Small Texas operator gets hit with MSHA penalty lawsuit (405)
  • Communications: MSHA approves new wireless mine technology (405)
  • Criminal Proceedings: Judge delays trial where Massey security guard charged with destroying documents (406)
  • Discrimination: ALJ orders miner reinstated after being fired for making safety complaints (406)
  • Equipment Guarding: Company appeals penalty to 10th Circuit (407)
  • Fall Protection: Fall protection lanyards recalled (408)
  • Fatalities:
    • MSHA warns on drowning hazard (409)
    • Bad brakes caused fatal truck runaway (409)
    • MSHA proposes fines in death at scofflaw quarry (411)
  • General News:
    • MSHA ends routine printing and mailing of guidance documents (413)
    • MSHA re-instructs employees: watch out when naming equipment manufacturers (413)
  • Injunctions: Permanent injunction issued at CAM Mining (413)
  • Labor Relations: BCOA reaches deal with UMWA (414)
  • Mine Seals: MSHA clarifies seal inspection procedures (414)
  • On the Move: Dinsmore & Shohl opens DC office (416)
  • Private Suits:
    • Respirator maker sues Alpha, Massey officials (416)
    • New mediation set in Massey coal slurry case (416)
  • Roof and Rib Control: MSHA focuses on rib hazards (417)
  • Trespass: Alpha halts blasting due to trespassers on mine property (417)
  • Review Commission and ALJ Decisions (419)

Alpha’s Position on Unions

Sign posted at UBB — where 29 miners died in April 2010. Now owned by Alpha Natural Resources:

(We have a call into Alpha)

OUR [Alpha] POSITION ON UNION REPRESENTATION:

Unions do not provide jobs nor ensure job security. They never have and they never will. Only successful companies like ours will do that for you.

We urge you to never sign a “Union Authorization Card” a legal document that gives the union the exclusive right to act on your behalf.

Signing a Union Authorization Card is like signing a blank check. You will not know what it is going to cost you or your family in the future.

You have a right Guaranteed by Federal Law to Refuse to sign a Union Card. If anyone ever asks you to sign such a card you have the right to refuse to sign it. All you have to do is say NO.

UNIONS are a business. They need monthly dues and assessments from employees to survive.

We believe you need to keep all of your take home pay and not share it with any union for costly union fees, union dues, union accessements or fines. You should keep your hard earned money for yourself and your family.

We pledge to keep our lines of communication open for you to talk to your immediate supervisor, Superintendent, or the Company President anytime you feel the need to express a complaint, gripe, or concern about a problem or need a question answered.

Job: MSHA Coal Mine Inspectors – Multiple Positions

(Note: This is one job listing of many for coal mine inspectors. There is a complete list here.)

Job Title: Mine Safety and Health Inspector (Coal)
Department: Department Of Labor
Agency: Mine Safety and Health Administration
Sub Agency: U.S. Department of Labor
Job Announcement Number: DE-11-MSHA-COAL-7/9/11

SALARY RANGE: $38,790.00 – $74,628.00 /year
OPEN PERIOD: Wednesday, March 23, 2011 to Thursday, March 22, 2012
SERIES & GRADE: GS-1822-07/11
POSITION INFORMATION: FULL TIME PERMANENT
PROMOTION POTENTIAL: 12
DUTY LOCATIONS: Multiple duty locations – click here for more info
WHO MAY BE CONSIDERED: U.S. Citizens; ICTAP eligibles in the local commuting area.

JOB SUMMARY:
Opportunities are Open! Begin a challenging career with the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), and you will help shape the workforce of tomorrow. DOL offers rewarding opportunities to contribute to a noble mission; to serve and protect American workers, prepare them for new and better jobs, and to ensure the safety and fairness of American workplaces.

MSHA is establishing a standing register of qualified (UNDERGROUND, SURFACE AND ELECTRICAL) applicants to fill vacancies as they become available in MSHA’s Coal Districts.

Applicants are required to attend a MSHA Coal test session to receive consideration. Applicants who apply to the vacancy announcement and are determined to be qualified will receive more specific information on the job screenings.

KEY REQUIREMENTS:
Subject to frequent travel.
Requires a valid drivers license.
Subject to Pre- and Post- employment drug test and medical examinations.
Subject to Pre- and Post- employment background check.
For males between 18 and 25-Registration with the Selective Service System.
Requires a probationary period if the requirement has not been met.

Back to top Duties
Additional Duty Location Info:

few vacancies – Craig, CO; few vacancies – Delta, CO; few vacancies – Farmington, NM; few vacancies – McAlester, OK; few vacancies – Frackville, PA; few vacancies – Wilkes Barre, PA; few vacancies – Bryan, TX; few vacancies – Longview, TX; few vacancies – Price, UT; few vacancies – Norton, VA; few vacancies – Vansant, VA; few vacancies – Gillette, WY

MSHA Inspector job responsibilities include conducting on-site inspections or investigations of underground and surface mines in order to: Identify potential hazardous conditions to the safety and health of workers; Ensure proper mining equipment maintenance and use; Check mining practices for conformance with safety and health laws and regulations; Issue citations when violations and hazards are identified; Determine how accidents and disasters are caused and prevented; Help direct rescue and fire fighting operations after fires or explosions; Investigate safety and health complaints from mine personnel; and Discuss inspection/investigation findings and provide technical advice and assistance to mine management and personnel.

Back to top Qualifications and Evaluations
QUALIFICATIONS REQUIRED:
Candidates with surface only experience will be considered for surface positions at the GS-9 levels only. The full promotion potential for Surface Inspectors is the GS-11 level. Candidates applying for Underground positions at the GS-9/11 levels must have underground experience. The full promotion potential for Underground and Electrical Inspectors is the GS-12 level.

At the GS-7 level: Specialized experience includes on-site safety/health inspection, analysis, monitoring, or evaluation work in occupational health, in mining or closely related industries, such as building construction, excavation, and heavy industrial plant settings. Examples of creditable experience in related non-mining work include work that provided the applicant with knowledge of ground control at building sites, safe worksite practices, and/or environmental conditions that affect the health of workers at foundries, mills, and other inherently dangerous industrial settings. For example, performance of safety and health inspection work at a steel mill would qualify at this grade level, but agricultural inspection work would not.

At the GS-9 level (Surface and Underground): specialized experience includes hands-on mining experience that has provided the applicant with knowledge of the transportation of materials and workers, ventilation in closed spaces, ground control, roof control (for underground positions), handling and storage of hazardous materials, work site safety practices, work site environmental conditions that affect the health of workers, and/or accident prevention.

At the GS-11 level (Underground): specialized experience includes direct on-site inspection; special accident investigation; development of mine safety and health standards; data analysis and evaluation of operational mine safety and health programs; special assessments; and development of industry-wide training or safety and health awareness programs.

At the GS-9 and GS-11 level (Electrical): Electrical candidates must have underground experience to qualify. In addition to meeting the above specialized experience requirement, electrical candidates must have experience in designing, installing, and/or maintaining a mine electrical system or electrical mining equipment. Experience as a certified mine electrician is qualifying. Education alone is not qualifying for these positions.

Substituting Education for Experience: Graduate education in the following fields is qualifying at the GS-7 (1 full academic year of graduate level education) and GS-9 (2 full academic years of graduate level education or master’s or equivalent graduate degree) levels: mining engineering, civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, industrial engineering, environmental engineering, industrial hygiene, occupational health and safety, geology, chemistry, or other fields of study related to mine safety and health work.
The Department of Labor does not recognize academic degrees from schools that are not accredited by an accrediting institution recognized by the Department of Education. Any applicant falsely claiming an academic degree from an accredited school will be subject to actions ranging from disqualification from federal employment to removal from federal service.
Applicants must meet qualification requirements at the time of application.

HOW YOU WILL BE EVALUATED:

Applications will be screened to ensure that applicants have the basic experience and/or educational requirements (as described in the “Qualifications Required” section of this announcement) for the grade level(s) in which they are applying. Qualified applicants will be provided additional test session information.

Qualified candidates will be tested on basic math and writing skills and a structured interview during a scheduled MSHA test session. See http://www.msha.gov/inspectors/inspectorhiringprogram.asp for more information on how you will be evaluated.

If you meet the minimum qualification requirements for this position, you will be evaluated against the evaluation factors (competencies) noted below and will be placed into one of the following quality categories based on your responses to the structured interview.

Categories
Category A – Meets the basic qualification requirements for the vacancy announcement, passes the math and writing tests, receives an overall score of 95 on the structured interview, and possesses at least 5 years of hands-on mining experience or a combination of experience/education.
Category B – Meets the basic qualification requirements for the vacancy announcement Meets the basic qualification requirements for the vacancy announcement, passes the math and writing tests, receives a score of 85 on the structured interview, and possesses at least 5 years of hands-on mining experience or a combination of experience/education.
Category C – Meets the specialized experience outlined in the minimum qualifications requirements section of the vacancy announcement, passes the math and writing tests, receives a score of 75 on structured interview but does not have 5 years of hands-on mining experience.

Applicants with a minimum of 5 years of hands-on mining experience should ensure their resumes reflect all their mining experience. The resume should provide specific examples of mining related experience. Titles are not sufficient enough to verify 5 years of mining experience.

Evaluation Factors (Competencies) – All qualified applicants will be evaluated on the following key competencies: Math; Writing; Interpersonal Skills; Self Management; Planning and Evaluation; Problem Solving; Mine Safety and Health; and, Oral Communication. Definitions and additional information on the specific competencies can be found at http://www.msha.gov/Inspectors/InspectorCompetencyModel.pdf.

The information you provide may be verified by a review of your work experience and/or education, by checking references and through other means, such as the interview process. The examining Human Resources Office (HRO) makes the final determination concerning applicant ratings. Your evaluation may also include a review by a Human Resources Specialist or panel and may include other assessments such as an interview.

INFORMATION FOR ICTAP/CTAP ELIGIBLES ONLY: If you meet the eligibility requirements for special priority selection under ICTAP/CTAP you must be well-qualified for the position to receive consideration for special priority selection. ICTAP/CTAP eligibles who are placed into Category B or higher will be considered “well-qualified” for priority selection purposes.

Click Application of Veterans Preference for Category Rating Jobs for more information.

Physical Requirements – Applicants must be physically able to
perform arduous duties efficiently and without hazard to themselves
or others.
To preview questions please click here.

Back to top Benefits and Other Info

BENEFITS:
The Department of Labor (DOL) offers a great benefit package to eligible employees. For a comprehensive site about all federal benefits, please refer to OPM. For specific DOL benefits information, please refer to DOL BENEFITS.

OTHER INFORMATION:
Previously, interview results were specific to each District. Under our new hiring process, interview results are transferable within the discipline (i.e., Coal interview results are transferable to other Coal Districts; Metal/Nonmetal interview results are transferable to other Metal/Nonmetal Districts). However, Coal interview results are not transferable to Metal/Nonmetal; and Metal/Nonmetal interview results are not transferable to Coal.

For more information concerning MSHA Inspector Hiring, please visit our web site at www.msha.gov and click on ‘Mine Inspector Hiring Program Page’.

Relocation expenses will not be paid.

This position is included in the bargaining unit: NCFLL.

When choosing the field offices applicants are interested in, they may select up to 4 offices per vacancy announcement. MSHA HR will take the top 4 rated field offices listed if an applicant selects more than 4 field offices.

The materials you send with your application will not be returned.

The United States Government does not discriminate in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, disability and genetic information, age, membership in an employee organization, or other non-merit factor. This agency provides reasonable accommodation to applicants with disabilities where appropriate. If you need a reasonable accommodation for any part of the application and hiring process,please notify the MSHA Human Resources Division and provide supporting documentation at least one week prior to the beginning of the screening session. Determinations on requests for reasonable accommodation will be made on a case-by-case basis. Hard of hearing or deaf individuals may contact the Human Resources Office via the Federal Relay Service at 1-800-877-8339 (TTY/ASCII) or http://www.frso.us/index.jsp, or their state or local relay service.

All MSHA employees and their spouses, and minor children are prohibited by regulation from having any interest, direct or indirect, in any mine or mining company which may be directly affected by the work of MSHA through its investigations, technical research, or other activities. These interests are prohibited under the Department of Labor’s Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct Regulations at 5 CFR 5201.105. For questions related to this prohibition, please contact the agency’s point of contact listed in this vacancy announcement. All MSHA Inspectors are required to file within 30 days of entrance of duty, and annually thereafter, a Confidential Financial Disclosure Report, OGE Form 450. A copy of this form can be found at http://www.usoge.gov/forms/form_450.aspx.

Back to top How To Apply

HOW TO APPLY:
Follow the 5 steps below to apply online to a Department of Labor (DOL) vacancy. Your application and ALL required supplemental documents must be received by 11:59 pm Eastern Time (ET) on the vacancy closing date to be considered. Paper applications and supplemental documents submitted in any other manner without prior approval from the vacancy contact will not be considered.

For more details, reference How To Apply Detailed Instructions. For help, refer to the Vacancy Contact on the announcement in the “Questions about this job” section. Save your information before the 60 MINUTE TIMEOUT or risk losing your information!

STEP 1 – Create USAJOBS Account, including Resume and Saved Documents
It is essential that your resume provide sufficient information to substantiate your responses in the self-assessment vacancy questions. If your responses are not adequately substantiated by your resume, the HRO will amend your responses to more accurately reflect the level of competency that is indicated by the content of your resume.

STEP 2 – Answer Vacancy Questions (DOORS)
Click the Apply Online button, which is available when you search for a job on www.usajobs.gov, click on the title and proceed.

STEP 3 – Submit Supplemental Documents
Submit the required documents (only if applicable to you) specified in the “Required Documents” section of this vacancy. For details: click How to Submit Supplemental Documentation. If you submit a document using the same document title, the 2nd submission will OVERWRITE the 1st submission. To avoid this, submit documents (ex. undergraduate and graduate degree transcripts) as one document.

STEP 4 – Review Application and click Finish

STEP 5 – Edit Application as needed by 11:59 pm ET of Close Date

REQUIRED DOCUMENTS:
The following documents must be submitted by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on the cutoff date for the test session that you plan to attend. You are not required to submit a document if it does not apply to you. Follow the How To Submit Supplemental Documentation” instructions.

-Veteran Documents – In order to be considered as a 5-point preference eligible, you must submit a copy of your Certificate of Release or Discharge From Active Duty, DD214. Your DD-214 must show the type of discharge and dates of active duty. If you are claiming 10-point preference eligible, you must submit a copy of your DD214; an Application for 10-point Veteran’s Preference, SF15; and the proof of entitlement of this preference which is normally an official statement, dated 1991 or later, from the Department of Veterans Affairs certifying to the present existence of the service-connected disability and indicating the percentage of your disability. Without this documentation, you will not receive veteran’s preference. Additional veterans’ preference information is available in the ICTAP/CTAP Eligibility. Any applicant wishing to claim CTAP/ICTAP eligibility must submit a letter conferring such eligibility for it to be considered. ICTAP/CTAP Eligibility

– Cover Letters are not mandatory and will not be used to verify experience, but may be submitted.

Applicants selected for employment who are not current DOL employees will be required to provide proof of citizenship, and the E-Verify system will be used to confirm the employment eligibility of all new hires.

AGENCY CONTACT INFO:
Human Resources
Phone: 202-693-9855
Fax: 202-693-9856
Email: MSHAJOBS@DOL.GOV Agency Information:
U.S. Department of Labor
Twin Towers #2
1100 Wilson Blvd.
Arlington, VA 22209-3939
Fax: 202-693-9856

Job: MSHA Regulatory Specialist

Job Title: Regulatory Specialist
Department: Department Of Labor
Agency: Mine Safety and Health Administration
Sub Agency: U.S. Department of Labor
Job Announcement Number: DE-11-MSHA-050

SALARY RANGE: $74,872.00 – $115,742.00 /year
OPEN PERIOD: Tuesday, July 12, 2011 to Friday, August 12, 2011
SERIES & GRADE: GS-0301-12/13
POSITION INFORMATION: Full time Permanent
PROMOTION POTENTIAL: 13
DUTY LOCATIONS: 1 vacancy(s) in one of the following locations: Arlington, Virginia
WHO MAY BE CONSIDERED: U.S. Citizens; ICTAP eligibles in the local commuting area.

JOB SUMMARY:
Begin a challenging career with the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), and you will help shape the workforce of tomorrow. DOL offers rewarding opportunities to contribute to a noble mission; to serve and protect American workers, prepare them for new and better jobs, and to ensure the safety and fairness of American workplaces.

This position serves as a senior staff member within the Regulatory Development Division in the Office of Standards, Regulations and Variances within the Mine Safety and Health Administration of the Department of Labor. The incumbent will be responsible for performing a wide variety of assignments with regard to reviewing and formulating policy issuance, preparing reports and statements required by law, Executive Order or regulation, and developing regulations.

Relocation expenses will NOT be paid.

The full performance level of this position is GS-13.

KEY REQUIREMENTS:
U.S. Citizenship.
Appointment to this position may require a background investigation.
Subject to financial disclosure requirements.
Requires a probationary period if the requirement has not been met.

Back to top Duties
Additional Duty Location Info:

Arlington, Virginia

The incumbent will conduct continuing review and analyses of existing agency regulations to identify those which may need revision in view of changing requirements, policies or actions taken by other regulatory agencies and provides this information to the Assistant Secretary and top MSHA officials as input into their regulation development functions. Drafts complex, controversial and sensitive regulations to assist personnel from the Office of the Solicitor in drafting regulations pertaining to all program activities. Ensures regulations are consistent with other Federal and state regulations to the extent possible. Coordinates proposed regulations to ensure compliance with the Administrative Procedures Act. Represents MSHA in industry meetings with organized labor to discuss and gain acceptance of upcoming new regulations. Determines if proposed standards require regulatory and environmental impact analyses. Reviews agency policy issuance to ensure consistency with MSHA goals and objectives, etc.

Back to top Qualifications and Evaluations
QUALIFICATIONS REQUIRED:
Applicants must have 52 weeks of specialized experience equivalent to at least the next lower grade level, GS-11, in the Federal Service. For the GS-12 level, 52 weeks at the GS-11 level includes, but is not limited to: reviewing regulations to ensure agency policies are consistent with other Federal and State regulations; providing commentary on proposed regulations determined, in conjunction with technical program personnel, to higher headquarters; assisting others in determining if proposed regulations or standards may have regulatory impact and require further analyses; assisting technical specialists in using results of analyses to modify draft standards; drafting correspondence as a result of proposed rules and regulatory changes; etc.

Applicants must have 52 weeks of specialized experience equivalent to at least the next lower grade level, GS-12, in the Federal Service. For the GS-13 level, 52 weeks at the GS-12 level includes, but is not limited to: drafting complex, controversial or sensitive regulations, ensuring policies are consistent with Federal and State regulations, as well as defined agency and/or organizational goals; conducting reviews and analyses of existing regulations to identify those needing revision in view of changing requirements; representing the organization in meetings to discuss proposed policies; preparing draft technical correspondence to a wide range of written and oral inquiries in regards to occupational safety and health; etc.
College Transcript and Evaluation of Foreign Education – Transcripts (in English) must be submitted if (a) a degree is required for the position, and/or (b) education is used as the basis for qualifying for this position. The Department of Labor does not recognize academic degrees from schools that are not accredited by an accrediting institution recognized by the Department of Education. Any applicant falsely claiming an academic degree from an accredited school will be subject to actions ranging from disqualification from federal employment to removal from federal service. If courses were taken at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, or from several different colleges or universities, you must submit all the necessary transcripts. If your education was completed at a foreign college or university, you must show comparability to education received in accredited educational institutions in the United States and comparability to applicable minimum course work requirements for this position. Click Evaluation of Foreign Education for more information.
Applicants must meet all legal and regulatory requirements. Please reference the “Required Documents” section for additional requirements.

HOW YOU WILL BE EVALUATED:

If you meet the minimum qualification requirements for this position, you will be evaluated against the evaluation factors (competencies) noted below and will be placed into one of the following quality categories based on your responses to the vacancy questions.

CATEGORY A = SCORE BETWEEN 97-100
CATEGORY B = SCORE BETWEEN 90 – 96
CATEGORY C = SCORE BETWEEN 70-89

Categories
Category A – Meets the basic qualification requirements for the vacancy announcement and has successful experience in the same or similar job that has demonstrated superior proficiency in applying knowledge, skill, and ability in the critical competencies for this position to work of increased levels of difficulty and complexity.
Category B – Meets the basic qualification requirements for the vacancy announcement and demonstrates satisfactory proficiency in the critical competencies for this position.
Category C – Meets the specialized experience outlined in the minimum qualifications requirements section of the vacancy announcement and demonstrates proficiency in the basic competencies required for this position.

Evaluation Factors (Competencies) – All qualified applicants will be evaluated on the following key competencies (click Evaluation Tools for information):

Oral Communication: Expresses information (e.g., ideas of facts) to individuals or groups effectively, taking into account the audience and nature of the information (e.g., technical, sensitive, controversial); makes clear and convincing oral presentations; listens to others, attends to nonverbal cues, and responds appropriately.

Team Building: Manages group processes; encourages and facilitates cooperation, pride, trust and group identity; fosters commitment and team spirit; works with others to achieve goals.

Problem Solving: Identifies problems; determines accuracy and relevance of information; uses sound judgment to generate and evaluate alternatives, and to make recommendations.

Influencing/Negotiating: Persuades others to accept recommendations, cooperate, or change their behavior; works with others towards an agreement; negotiates to find mutually acceptable solutions.

Written Communication: Expresses facts and ideas in writing in a succinct and organized manner.

Legal, Government and Jurisprudence: Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, legal practices and documents, Government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, Government organization and functions, and the democratic political process.

Organizational Awareness: Knows the organization’s mission and functions, and how its social, political, and technological systems work and operates effectively within them; this includes the programs, policies, procedures, rules and regulations of the organization.

The information you provide may be verified by a review of your work experience and/or education, by checking references and through other means, such as the interview process. The examining Human Resources Office (HRO) makes the final determination concerning applicant ratings. It is essential that your resume provide sufficient information to substantiate your responses in the self-assessment vacancy questions. If your responses are not adequately substantiated by your resume, the HRO will amend your responses to more accurately reflect the level of competency that is indicated by the content of your resume. Your evaluation may also include a review by a Human Resources Specialist or panel and may include other assessments such as an interview, a panel review, written test, writing sample, etc.

INFORMATION FOR ICTAP/CTAP ELIGIBLES ONLY: If you meet the eligibility requirements for special priority selection under ICTAP/CTAP you must be well-qualified for the position to receive consideration for special priority selection. ICTAP/CTAP eligibles who are placed into Category B or higher will be considered “well-qualified” for priority selection purposes.

Click Application of Veterans Preference for Category Rating Jobs for more information.
To preview questions please click here.

Back to top Benefits and Other Info

BENEFITS:
The Department of Labor offers a variety of benefits and workplace
enhancements.

For details click: BENEFITS

OTHER INFORMATION:
The United States Government does not discriminate in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, disability, age, membership in an employee organization, or other non-merit factor. Refer to these links for more information: GENERAL INFORMATION, ADDITIONAL DOCUMENTATION, SELECTIVE SERVICE REGISTRATION, PROBATIONARY PERIOD, FORMER FEDERAL EMPLOYEES

Back to top How To Apply

HOW TO APPLY:
Follow the 5 steps below to apply online to a Department of Labor (DOL) vacancy. Your application and ALL required supplemental documents must be received by 11:59 pm Eastern Time (ET) on the vacancy closing date to be considered. Paper applications and supplemental documents submitted in any other manner without prior approval from the vacancy contact will not be considered.

For more details, reference How To Apply Detailed Instructions. For help, refer to the Vacancy Contact on the announcement in the “Questions about this job” section. Save your information before the 60 MINUTE TIMEOUT or risk losing your information!

STEP 1 – Create USAJOBS Account, including Resume and Saved Documents
It is essential that your resume provide sufficient information to substantiate your responses in the self-assessment vacancy questions. If your responses are not adequately substantiated by your resume, the HRO will amend your responses to more accurately reflect the level of competency that is indicated by the content of your resume.

STEP 2 – Answer Vacancy Questions (DOORS)
Click the Apply Online button, which is available when you search for a job on www.usajobs.gov, click on the title and proceed.

STEP 3 – Submit Supplemental Documents
Submit the required documents (only if applicable to you) specified in the “Required Documents” section of this vacancy by the close date. For details: click How to Submit Supplemental Documentation. If you submit a document using the same document title, the 2nd submission will OVERWRITE the 1st submission. To avoid this, submit documents (ex. undergraduate and graduate degree transcripts) as one document.

STEP 4 – Review Application and click Finish Click here to submit an updated resume after initial application.

STEP 5 – Edit Application as needed by 11:59 pm ET of Close Date

REQUIRED DOCUMENTS:
The following documents must be submitted by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on the vacancy closing date. Submit your documents by following the instructions provided in the “How to Apply” section or go to www.jobs.dol.gov and click on “How To Submit Supplemental Documentation”. You are not required to submit a document if it does not apply to you.

– Veterans Documents (if applicable): In order to be considered as a 5-point preference eligible, you must submit a copy of your Certificate of Release or Discharge From Active Duty, DD214. Your DD-214 must show the type of discharge and dates of active duty. If you are claiming 10-point preference eligible, you must submit a copy of your DD214; an Application for 10-point Veteran’s Preference, SF15; and the proof of entitlement of this preference which is normally an official statement, dated 1991 or later, from the Department of Veterans Affairs certifying to the present existence of the service-connected disability and indicating the percentage of your disability. Without this documentation, you will not receive veteran’s preference. Additional information on veterans’ preference is available in the Vet’s Guide at: http://www.fedshirevets.gov/hire/hrp/vetguide/index.aspx

– Displaced Employee Placement Documents – Only required if requesting priority consideration under ICTAP/CTAP Eligibility.

– Cover Letters are not mandatory and will not be used to verify experience, but may be submitted

Applicants selected for employment who are not current DOL employees will be required to provide proof of citizenship, and the E-Verify system will be used to confirm the employment eligibility of all new hires.

AGENCY CONTACT INFO:
Dawn Asper
Phone: 202-693-9868
Fax: 202-693-9801
Email: asper.dawn@dol.gov Agency Information:
U.S. Department of Labor
Twin Towers #2
1100 Wilson Blvd.
Arlington, VA 22209-3939
Fax: 202-693-9801

WHAT TO EXPECT NEXT:
Once your complete application is received we will conduct an
evaluation of your qualifications and determine your ranking. The
most highly qualified candidates will be referred to the hiring
manager for further consideration and possible interview. You will
be notified of the outcome. A selection is expected to be made
within
45 work days from the vacancy close date.

TO CHECK THE STATUS OF YOUR APPLICATION: Go to www.usajobs.gov,
click
on the ‘My USAJOBS’ tab and log in. Click on ‘Applications’ to track
your online job application. You will be routed to the USAJOBS
Online
Application History Page to view the status of your application.
Click on the ‘More Information’ link under the ‘Application Status’
column. Select the ‘View Detailed Status…’ radio button to
bring up specific details about your position. Click the Email
button
to send yourself another copy of your online assessment responses.

Job: MSHA Assistant – Hazard, KY

Job Title: Mine Safety and Health Assistant (OA)
Department: Department Of Labor
Agency: Mine Safety and Health Administration
Sub Agency: U.S. Department of Labor
Job Announcement Number: DE-11-ATL-MSHA/D7-114

SALARY RANGE: $31,315.00 – $45,376.00 /year
OPEN PERIOD: Friday, July 15, 2011 to Friday, July 29, 2011
SERIES & GRADE: GS-1802-05/06
POSITION INFORMATION: Full-time Permanent
PROMOTION POTENTIAL: 06
DUTY LOCATIONS: 1 vacancy – Hazard, KY
WHO MAY BE CONSIDERED: U.S. Citizens; ICTAP eligibles in the local commuting area.

THIS IS A BARGAINING UNIT POSITION.

This position is located in the District 7 Office, Mine Safety and Health Administration in Hazard, KY.

RELOCATION and PCS EXPENSES WILL NOT BE PAID.

JOB SUMMARY:
Opportunities are Open! Begin a challenging career with the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), and you will help shape the workforce of tomorrow. DOL offers rewarding opportunities to contribute to a noble mission; to serve and protect American workers, prepare them for new and better jobs, and to ensure the safety and fairness of American workplaces.

This position is located in the Mine, Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), District Office 7 located in Hazard, Kentucky. The district office has primary responsibility for enforcement of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (Mine Act) and its implementing regulations contained in Title 30, Code of Federal Regulations (30 CFR). The District is responsible for regular inspection activities, the approval of plans for ventilation and dust control, roof control, and impoundments, and for training.

The incumbent in this position provides program and administrative support, as well as liaison duties in direct support of the supervisor and a cadre of Mine Safety and Health Inspectors. Due to the nature of the work performed, the supervisor and inspectors are required to be out of the office for extended periods of time, necessitating that the incumbent work independently to ensure the efficiency and effectivness of the functions of the office.

The incumbent provides program support to the district as the district expert on the Mine Information System (MIS)coding and procedures. The data on the MIS system is used by MSHA to determine enforcement activities, special focus or emphasis projects, and industry’s compliance with the Act.

College Transcript and Evaluation of Foreign Education – Transcripts (in English) must be submitted if (a) a degree is required for the position, and/or (b) education is used as the basis for qualifying for this position. The Department of Labor does not recognize academic degrees from schools that are not accredited by an accrediting institution recognized by the Department of Education. Any applicant falsely claiming an academic degree from an accredited school will be subject to actions ranging from disqualification from federal employment to removal from federal service. If courses were taken at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, or from several different colleges or universities, you must submit all the necessary transcripts. If your education was completed at a foreign college or university, you must show comparability to education received in accredited educational institutions in the United States and comparability to applicable minimum course work requirements for this position. Click Evaluation of Foreign Education for more information.

KEY REQUIREMENTS:
This is a bargaining unit position.
Occasional travel is required.
Typing Proficiency – Must type a minimum of 40 words per minute.
Relocation and PCS expenses will not be paid.
Requires a background investigation

Back to top Duties
Additional Duty Location Info:

1 vacancy – Hazard, KY

The incumbent receives and reviews for completeness a variety of documents submitted by inspectors, e.g., mine plans, inspection and investigation reports. Identifies and recommends solutions for any discrepancies found prior to submission to the supervisor for final review and signature. Ensures that completed reports and any additional information, including special assessment review form packages, are complete, comply with the proper MSHA format, and forwarded to the District in a timely manner.

Generates violation and inspection tracking documents and reports of discrimination. Gathers and compiles FOIA data. Reviews mine assignment listings. Tracks motor vehicle usage. Prepares, transmits and retrieves a myriad of informational documents, reports and conference data in a variety of formats.

Researches, gathers and assembles information for use by field office staff in special projects, evaluations, conferences, and meetings, etc. using various sources such as, but not limited to, the Mine Information System (MIS), mine files and Internet access.

Maintains records systems for the work unit in support of Division operations. Tracks citations and orders for assessment purposes to ensure submission to the District Office within established timeframes. Record-keeping may include both electronic and manual/hard copy systems. Assures records comply with appropriate policy and procedure directives and established timeframes. Prepares documents for transmittal to archives.

Receives calls and visitors. Ascertains the nature of the call/visit and determines those which s/he can personally handle, referring others to the appropriate staff. Keeps a log of callers/visitors.

Arranges conferences and appointments for the office, following up with staff members to ensure commitments are met.

Makes travel arangements for employees. Provides itinerary, secures travel and motel reservations, and prepares travel vouchers upon completion of travel.

Receives, reviews and distributes incoming correspondence. Responds to those which do not require the attention of the supervisor or staff. Attaches appropriate background information from files as necessary. Reviews outgoing correspondence for compliance with policy, procedure, format, grammar, punctuation, etc. Maintains a log of all incoming and outgoing correspondence and action items.

Performs a variety of administrative functions e.g., posts and maintains time and attendance records, prepares necessary personnel documents, requisitions and distributes supplies, prepares milegage reports, tracks individual and safety awards, etc.

Expedites record-keeping, tracking and production of documents using specific automated systems. Uses standard formats or software functions to set up standard documents or format styles that can be retrieved. Develops methods for automating reports, considering the interrelationship and multiple uses of the data. Determines the data categories to be established, identifies the sorting and calculating functions to be performed, and sets up the detailed functional procedures needed to enter and retrieve data in the required format.

Assists inspectors in downloading mine data and Agency directives from the mainframe to the desktop and inspector laptop computers; assists uploading the Inspectors’ Portable Application for Laptop (IPAL) data on a regular basis. Ensures that the data uploads and downloads are successfully completed. Uses standard and customized queries to electronically request and retrieve various enforcement data from MIS for use by the staff.

A qualified typist is required. Must type a minimum of 40 words per minute.

Back to top Qualifications and Evaluations
QUALIFICATIONS REQUIRED:
For GS-5: Applicants must have 52 weeks of specialized experience equivalent to at least the next lower grade level, GS-4, in the Federal Service.

For GS-6: Applicants must have 52 weeks of specialized experience equivalent to at least the next lower grade level, GS-5, in the Federal Service.

Specialized experience is experience that equipped the applicant with the particular knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSA’s) to perform successfully the duties of the position, and that is typically in or related to the position to be filled. Examples of specialized experience include, but are not limited to ability to analyze, interpret, and compile data from a computer system, as well as the ability to communicate effectively both orally and in writing.

In addition to meeting experience or education requirements, applicants for these positions must show possession of the following skill and proficiency level: Typing-ability to type a minimum of 40 words per minute.

Applicants may meet these requirements by passing the appropriate performance test, presenting a certificate of proficiency from a school or other organization authorized to issue such certificates by the Office of Personnel Management local office, or by self-certifying their proficiency. Performance test results and certificates of proficiency are acceptable for 3 years. Agencies may verify proficiency skills of self-certified applicants by administering the appropriate performance test.
GS-05: Successful completion of four years of education above the high school level in any field is creditable. This education must have been obtained in an accredited business, secretarial or technical school, junior college, college or university. One year of full-time academic study is defined as 30 semester hours, 45 quarter hours, or the equivalent in a college or university, or at least 20 hours of classroom instruction per week for approximately 36 weeks in a business, secretarial, or technical school.

GS-06: As a general rule, education is not creditable above GS-5 for most positions covered by this standard; however, graduate education may be credited in those few instances where the graduate education is directly related to the work of the position.

Additionally, equivalent combinations of successfully completed post-high school education and experience may be used to meet total experience requirements at grade GS-5.

Only education in excess of the first 60 semester hours (i.e., beyond the second year) is creditable toward meeting the specialized experience requirement. One full academic year of study (30 semester hours) beyond the second year is equivalent to 6 months of specialized experience.

College Transcript and Evaluation of Foreign Education – Transcripts (in English) must be submitted if (a) a degree is required for the position, and/or (b) education is used as the basis for qualifying for this position. The Department of Labor does not recognize academic degrees from schools that are not accredited by an accrediting institution recognized by the Department of Education. Any applicant falsely claiming an academic degree from an accredited school will be subject to actions ranging from disqualification from federal employment to removal from federal service. If courses were taken at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, or from several different colleges or universities, you must submit all the necessary transcripts. If your education was completed at a foreign college or university, you must show comparability to education received in accredited educational institutions in the United States and comparability to applicable minimum course work requirements for this position. Click Evaluation of Foreign Education for more information.
Applicants must meet all legal and regulatory requirements. Please reference the “Required Documents” section for additional requirements.

HOW YOU WILL BE EVALUATED:

If you meet the minimum qualification requirements for this position, you will be evaluated against the evaluation factors (competencies) noted below and will be placed into one of the following quality categories based on your responses to the vacancy questions.

Categories
)
Category A – Meets the basic qualification requirements for the vacancy announcement and has successful experience in the same or similar job that has demonstrated superior proficiency in applying knowledge, skill, and ability in the critical competencies for this position to work of increased levels of difficulty and complexity.
Category B – Meets the basic qualification requirements for the vacancy announcement and demonstrates satisfactory proficiency in the critical competencies for this position.
Category C – Meets the specialized experience outlined in the minimum qualifications requirements section of the vacancy announcement and demonstrates proficiency in the basic competencies required for this position.

Evaluation Factors (Competencies) – All qualified applicants will be evaluated on the following key competencies (click Evaluation Tools for information):

INTERPERSONAL SKILLS: Ability to show understanding, friendliness, courtesy, tact, empathy, cooperation, concern, and politeness to others; relates well to different people from varied backgrounds and different situations.

SELF MANAGEMENT: Sets well-defined and realistic personal goals; monitors progress and is motivated to achieve; manages own time and deals with stress effectively.

WRITING: Ability to use correct English grammar, punctuation, and spelling to communicate thoughts, ideas, information and messages in writing.

TEAM WORK: Encourages and facilitates cooperation, pride, trust, and group identify; fosters commitment and team spirit; works with others to achieve goals.

CUSTOMER SERVICE: Ability to work and communicate well with others e.g., individuals who use or receive services or products from your work unit) to satisfy their expectations. Commited to quality services.

DECISION MAKING: Ability to specify goals and obstacles to achieving those goals, generates alternatives, considers risks, and evaluatives and chooses the best alternative in order to make a determination, draw conclusions or solve a problem.

MANAGES AND ORGANIZES INFORMATION: Ability to identify a need; gathers, organizes, and maintains information; determines its importance and accuracy, and communicates it by a variety of methods.

ORGANIZATIONAL AWARENESS: Knows how social, political, organizational and technological systems work and operate effectively within them. This includes the policies, procedures, rules and reuglations of the work or organization.

APPLIES TECHNOLOGY TO TASKS: Knowlege of various software functions to produce a range of documents that often require complex formats (e.g., graphics, tables).

TECHNICAL COMPETENCE: Knowledge of how to perform one’s job. Refers to specialized knowledge that is required through formal training or extensive on-the-job experience.

The information you provide may be verified by a review of your work experience and/or education, by checking references and through other means, such as the interview process. The examining Human Resources Office (HRO) makes the final determination concerning applicant ratings. It is essential that your resume provide sufficient information to substantiate your responses in the self-assessment vacancy questions. If your responses are not adequately substantiated by your resume, the HRO will amend your responses to more accurately reflect the level of competency that is indicated by the content of your resume. Your evaluation may also include a review by a Human Resources Specialist or panel and may include other assessments such as an interview, a panel review, written test, writing sample, etc.

INFORMATION FOR ICTAP/CTAP ELIGIBLES ONLY: If you meet the eligibility requirements for special priority selection under ICTAP/CTAP you must be well-qualified for the position to receive consideration for special priority selection. ICTAP/CTAP eligibles who are placed into Category C or higher will be considered “well-qualified” for priority selection purposes.

Click Application of Veterans Preference for Category Rating Jobs for more information.
To preview questions please click here.

Back to top Benefits and Other Info

BENEFITS:
The Department of Labor (DOL) offers a great benefit package to eligible employees. The benefit package includes but is not limited to health benefits, supplemental dental and vision plans, flexible spending accounts, 13 days paid sick leave per year, vacation leave and 10 paid holidays per year. We offer a variety of employee benefit options, a family-friendly work environment, a child care subsidy program, transit subsidy program, career assistance program, health services and fitness programs, access to LifeCare, a resource and referral service and more. Employees on Part-Time work schedules receive all of these benefits on a prorated basis. For a comprehensive site about all federal benefits, please refer to OPM. For specific DOL benefits information, please refer to DOL BENEFITS.

OTHER INFORMATION:
All MSHA employees and their spouses, and minor children are prohibited by regulation from having any interest, direct or indirect, in any mine or mining company which may be directly affected by the work of MSHA through its investigations, technical research, or other activities. These interests are prohibited under the Department of Labor’s Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct Regulations at 5 CFR 5201.105. Certain MSHA employees are required to file a financial disclosure report. For questions related to this prohibition, please contact the agency’s point of contact listed in this vacancy announcement.

Back to top How To Apply

HOW TO APPLY:
Follow the 5 steps below to apply online to a Department of Labor (DOL) vacancy. Your application and ALL required supplemental documents must be received by 11:59 pm Eastern Time (ET) on the vacancy closing date to be considered. Paper applications and supplemental documents submitted in any other manner without prior approval from the vacancy contact will not be considered.

For more details, reference How To Apply Detailed Instructions. For help, refer to the Vacancy Contact on the announcement in the “Questions about this job” section. Save your information before the 60 MINUTE TIMEOUT or risk losing your information!

STEP 1 – Create USAJOBS Account, including Resume and Saved Documents
It is essential that your resume provide sufficient information to substantiate your responses in the self-assessment vacancy questions. If your responses are not adequately substantiated by your resume, the HRO will amend your responses to more accurately reflect the level of competency that is indicated by the content of your resume.

STEP 2 – Answer Vacancy Questions (DOORS)
Click the Apply Online button, which is available when you search for a job on www.usajobs.gov, click on the title and proceed.

STEP 3 – Submit Supplemental Documents
Submit the required documents (only if applicable to you) specified in the “Required Documents” section of this vacancy. For details: click How to Submit Supplemental Documentation. If you submit a document using the same document title, the 2nd submission will OVERWRITE the 1st submission. To avoid this, submit documents (ex. undergraduate and graduate degree transcripts) as one document.

STEP 4 – Review Application and click Finish

STEP 5 – Edit Application as needed by 11:59 pm ET of Close Date

REQUIRED DOCUMENTS:
The following documents must be submitted by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on the vacancy closing date. Submit your documents by following the instructions provided in the “How to Apply” section or go to www.jobs.dol.gov and click on “How To Submit Supplemental Documentation”. You are not required to submit a document if it does not apply to you.

– Veterans Documents (if applicable): In order to be considered as a 5-point preference eligible, you must submit a copy of your Certificate of Release or Discharge From Active Duty, DD214. Your DD-214 must show the type of discharge and dates of active duty. If you are claiming 10-point preference eligible, you must submit a copy of your DD214; an Application for 10-point Veteran’s Preference, SF15; and the proof of entitlement of this preference which is normally an official statement, dated 1991 or later, from the Department of Veterans Affairs certifying to the present existence of the service-connected disability and indicating the percentage of your disability. Without this documentation, you will not receive veteran’s preference. Additional information on veterans’ preference is available in the Vet’s Guide at: http://www.fedshirevets.gov/hire/hrp/vetguide/index.aspx

– Displaced Employee Placement Documents – Only required if requesting priority consideration under ICTAP/CTAP Eligibility.

– Cover Letters are not mandatory and will not be used to verify experience, but may be submitted

Applicants selected for employment who are not current DOL employees will be required to provide proof of citizenship, and the E-Verify system will be used to confirm the employment eligibility of all new hires.

AGENCY CONTACT INFO:
HR Specialist
Phone: 404-302-5842
Fax: 000-000-0000
TDD: 800-877-8339
Email: little.karen@dol.gov Agency Information:
U.S. Department of Labor
Sam Nunn Center
61 Forsyth Street SW
Atlanta, GA 30303
Fax: 000-000-0000

Job: MSHA Supervisory IT Specialist

Supervisory IT Specialist
Thu, 14 Jul 2011 19:00:00 -0500

Description:
This position is located in the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), Information Technology Center, in Lakewood, CO. This position is at the full performance level….
Agency/Subagency:
Labor, Mine Safety and Health Administration
Location:
US-Colorado-Lakewood
Salary:
From $87,815.00 to $114,158.00 USD per year
Closing Date:
7/19/2011
Who may apply:
Public
Pay Plan (series/grade):
GS-2210-13/13
Appointment Term:
Permanent
Job Status:
Full-Time
Job Announcement Number:
DE-11-DAL-MSHA-0071
Control Number:
2325430

MSHA Won’t Be Industry’s Fireboss

There are two different worlds that exist in the mining industry today, and MSHA-head Joe Main says he wants to change the cultural thinking of those operators who use MSHA inspectors as their fireboss.

In an interview with Mine Safety and Health News, Main talked about his views on the industry in general, MSHA, and where he sees needed improvements.

Vol. 18, No. 13

  • Accidents:
    • Electrical supervisor seriously injured at new prep plant (360)
    • Fumes at gold processing plant send 11 to hospital (361)
    • Miner has broken vertebra after dozer mishap (361)
    • Rib fall injures shuttle car operator (361)
    • Permanent disability results from mill accident (362)
    • Pennsylvania mine flood originated behind seals (362)
    • Miners escape injury in equipment fire at underground marble mine (362)
  • Asbestosis: Libby residents get $10 million for asbestosis monitoring (363)
  • Awards:
    • Holmes Assn. recognizes Patriot Coal safety manager (363)
    • Beulah Mine receives Rocky Mountain Coal Mining Institute award (363)
  • Civil Penalties: MSHA goes after North Carolina operator in court for delinquent penalties (364)
  • Criminal Proceedings: Pennsylvania man charged with falsifying examination records (364)
  • Fatalities:
    • Miner killed in haulage accident at Voyager #7 Mine (364)
    • Fatality is fifth involving mobile bridge systems since 2000 (365)
    • Iron worker killed in 8-foot fall (366)
    • Truck unsafely rigged for lifting before fatal accident (366)
    • Unwarrantable failures led to fatal fall in Barrick shaft, investigators charge (368)
    • Conveyor alarm not working in fatal quarry accident (369)

    • Delayed roof support led to fatal rock fall (370)
  • Federal Tort Claims Act: Aracoma widows file FTCA appeal with 4th Circuit (372)
  • General Policy: MSHA won’t be industry’s fireboss, says MSHA’s Joe Main (373)
  • Injunctions:
    • California sand and gravel company hit with TRO (375)
    • Judge issues TRO preventing advanced notice of inspections at Kentucky coal mine (375)
  • Investigations: UBB Operator emphasized productivity to the detriment of safety (376)
  • Jurisdiction: ALJ rules scale house/office not under MSHA jurisdiction (380)
  • Labor Relations: Sand and gravel workers win benefits case (382)
  • On the Move: District 12 seeks quarters and staffs up (383)
  • Private Suits: Widow seeks to have wrongful death suit against Consol moved to local circuit court (383)
  • Review Commission and ALJ Decisions (385)